Clay Tiles

Clay Tiles

Clay Tiles are clay based product (typically red or white in color). The clay is quarried, purified and then dried to create a powder (body slip). The clay is injected into a mold as dry powder then pressed at a moderate pressure rate and fired at a moderate temperature to create a bisque. The fired bisque (raw tile) is then screen printed with a pigment or pattern and a clear glaze (silica glass) is applied over the top. The tile is then re-fired causing the silica to melt and form a durable non-porous layer over the top of the pigment or pattern. The glaze can be either gloss, matte or textured made from mixture of clay and other materials that are then kiln-fired. Ceramic tiles, Vitrified tiles and Terracotta tiles are all clay tiles. Depending on their specifications these tiles can be used indoor and outdoor with many applications as wall, floors,counter tops, pavings, cladding, roofs and staircases. more

Vitrified Tiles

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Vitrified Tile is a tile that is produced using vitrification and has very low porosity (and water absorption), making it stain-resistant, strong and smooth. It is an alternative to marble and granite flooring. Vitrified Tile is made by baking fine minerals like clay and silica, at extreme high temperatures where the individual grains or particles melt and fuse make a vitreous surface, thus creating a single mass making them extremely hard with low porosity. There are different types of vitrified tiles: Soluble salt, Double charged, Full body, Glazed and Digital.

Appearance - Vitrified tiles have a very smooth finish on top and they give a glossy look to the floor. They can be either glazed or polished on the surface. The glaze gives an extra shine to the tile. Different patterns can also be printed digitally. The stone or wood textures can be given to the vitrified tiles but the look is very artificial.

Suggested Uses - Vitrified tiles can be used for flooring (living room, bedroom, dining area, kitchen, bathroom), wall coverings and decor etc. They can withstand heavy use, hence can be used in malls and other commercial areas.

Pros - Vitrified tiles are strong, incredibly durable, cost effective, water resistant and stain resistant. These tiles also resist scratches and discoloration. They can withstand more than granite or marble without using their functionality or appearance. There is greater consistency in sizes, shades and thickness as these tiles are machine made. Need practically no setting time, therefore, quick to use after laid. They are pre-polished and do not need polishing on site, hence save time.

Cons - Vitrified tiles are prone to become slippery when wet. They lack the natural textures found in marbles and granites, and have an artificial look in comparison to natural look of ceramic tiles.

Care - Proper care and regular cleaning of vitrified tiles can help minimize staining, but prolonged exposure to dirt can still cause stains to appear. These stain can be removed using mild tile cleaner and floor scrub brush or sponge.